Laws In Lebanon
Adoption in Lebanon can be made before spiritual courts in
Find Below some facts regarding the adoption:
The adoption is a ceremonial judicial agreement
concluded between two persons and shall create civil relations
between them for legitimate paternity and filiation.
The adoption is only allowed for the rightness
and for the benefit of the adopter, after confirmation
the good discipline of the adopter, with reserve to the provisions
of the following:
Each secular person, a man or a woman shall have the right of adoption.
The adopted person can not be adopted by more than
one adopter unless if he was adopted by one couple.
1-For the good adoption of the minor, he shall approve on the
procedure, his parents or the one living of them or
the guardian of the minor, in case his parents were separated due
to permanent abandonment or annulment of the marriage.
2-In case they were either dead or they cannot show their
opinion, then the Metropolitan of the Eparchy shall replace them.
Shall be void and with no value the following:
A-The parentsí adoption to their illegal children.
B-The adoption of the custodian to the one under his custody, and
the keeper to the one under his safekeeping, and the one
responsible of the management of his money, in case these persons
were not definitively free and an accounting takes place before
The adopted person shall have the family name of his
adopter, and he shall also have the rights and the obligations
regarding his father as if he was his legal son with reserve to
the provisions of the following:
The adopted person shall remain a member of his
original family, with all the rights and the obligations towards
the same. However, the parent authority rights shall be restricted
to his adopter in case he was still alive or enjoying capacity. On
his death or if he lost his capacity, then he shall be replaced
with the father of the adopter or his agent.
The original parents shall not be obliged to pay the
pension to their adopted son, unless the adopter could not deliver
1- If the adopter was dead without any descendants or offspring,
then the adopted person shall inherit as if he was the legal son
of the adopter.
2- If the adopter has descendants or offspring or sisters, then
the adopted person shall inherit half of the legal son
1- If the adopted person was dead without having legal
descendants, he shall return what he received for the adopter to
him or to his heirs. His other funds shall be distributed to his
legal inheritors by virtue of public law.
2- The adoptedís right regarding the adopterís inheritance shall
be transferred to his descendants only, and shall be restricted to
the adopterís personal legacy. The adopted and his descendants
shall not have any right in the legacy of the adopterís parents or
The right adoption shall create a legal family
relationship that abstain the marriage between:
A-The adopter and the adopted person and his descendants.
B-The adopter and his children born after the adoption process.
C-The adopter and his spouse and between the adopter and the
spouse of the adopted person.
D-The adopted children by one adopter.
The adoption shall only be executed by virtue of a
resolution issued by the ecclesiastic Tribunal ratified by the
Metropolitan of the Eparchy.
The legitimate Tribunal authorized to decide the
adoption shall be the Tribunal of the adopterís residence.
However, if the adopted person was minor, then the Tribunal of his
residence shall have the right to do so also.
In all the cases, the Tribunal and before issuing its resolution
shall listen to the declaration of the justice agent, and shall
take into consideration the opinion of the adopted personís
1- The adoption shall be cancelled for dangerous reasons and with
judicial judgment issued by the Tribunal after listening to the
Shall be considered dangerous reasons that allow the cancellation
of the adoption, the situation when the adopter misdeals the
adopted person or vice-versa, when one of them shall cause moral
or big financial damages, or when one of them behaves badly.
The right of filing the adoption cancellation
lawsuit shall be restricted to the adopted person and the adopter
However, if the justice agent agreed that one of them can
cause damage to the other or to his family or that he shall
morally abstain him from the use of his freedom, then he shall
also have the right to file the same.
1-The judgment to cancel the adoption shall eliminate all the
effects related to this situation starting from the date of its
2-In both cases of the issuance and the cancellation of the
adoption, the Tribunal shall notify this to whom necessary in
order to register the same next to the adopted personís register
in the baptism registers and in the civil census registers.
The adoption held in countries not having any
specialization to the ecclesiastic Tribunals, shall
be ruled according to its rightness or its cancellation according to
the laws of these countries.
Mattar law firm